Brett Martin, D.O., Sports Medicine Physician, Henry Ford Hospital joined Deena Centofanti in a live chat room. Read questions posed by viewers and answers given by Dr. Martin in the chat room replay above.
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. Concussions can also occur from a fall or blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth.
About 75 percent of traumatic brain injuries each year are concussions or mild TBI.
Henry Ford Hospital, Concussion Clinic
Henry Ford Hospital offers a Concussion Clinic that is designed for athletes who may have received a concussion while playing sports, regardless of their level of competition. To make an appointment, call 313.972.4216.
Henry Ford uses the Immediate Post Concussion and Assessment and Cognitive Test, of ImPACT, to help determine when an athlete is fully healed form a concussion and may safely return to play. The computer test is administered before season and establishes a baseline scoring level of memory and reaction time prior to injury.
When an athlete suffers a concussion or head injury during the season, the test is re-administered to measure progress in regaining their cognitive ability and reaction time. These results, in conjunction with symptom information, are used to determine when an athlete has recovered from a concussion and can be safely cleared to resume their sport.
According to an Aug. 5, 2013 report called Game Changers by Safe Kids Worldwide, concussions accounted for 12 percent of visits to the Emergency Department in 2012 among athletes ages 12 to 17. Other highlights:
· Of those ED visits, 47 percent are athletes ages 12 to 15.
· Football had the highest concussion rate, followed by wrestling, cheerleading, ice hockey and soccer.
Symptoms/What to Do
Most people with a concussion recover quickly and fully. However, symptoms last can for days, weeks or longer. Symptoms include:
· Difficulty thinking clearly, concentrating, remembering new information.
· Headache, nausea or vomiting early on, sensitivity to light or noise, blurred vision, dizziness, feeling tired, no energy.
· Irritability, sadness, more emotional, anxiety.
· Sleeping more than usual, sleeping less than usual, trouble falling asleep.
When a concussion is suspected, do the following:
· Remove the athlete from play.
· Have the athlete evaluated by a medical doctor.
· Keep the athlete on the sidelines until cleared to play by a medical doctor.